Mushrooms are the mature bodies of a flora, similar to apples are the mature bodies of the associated fruit tree.  

Mushrooms grow on compost. Once the compost has been delivered at the mushroom farm, it still takes sixteen to twenty days before we start gathering mushrooms. Mushroom gathering takes place throughout 2 to 3 weeks. In this era it’s now not efficient to reap.

In the vegetable kingdom the mushroom is graded with the heterotrophic organisms (lower plants). In distinction to the upper, green plants, these heterotrophs (lower plants) don’t seem to be capable of chemical processes. In mushroom cultivation too, waste merchandise like manure, manure, straw, mineral and waste matter (from their own composting) need to manufacture a high-quality substrate from which the mushrooms can grow. Ammonia is removed by means of associate ammonia washer from the method air before it’s come back to nature. Even the ammonia from the air is employed as a supply of elements in composting. The fungus, conjointly known as plant structure, uses the compost as a supply of energy for its combustion, within which energy is discharged that’s used for growth.

Button mushrooms, Pleurotus ostreatus & paddy straw mushrooms are the 3 major varieties of mushrooms used for cultivation in Asian countries. Paddy straw mushrooms will grow in temperatures starting from thirty five – forty Degree Celsius. Oyster mushrooms on the opposite hand are fully grown within the northern plains whereas button mushrooms grow throughout the winter season. These mushrooms of economic importance are fully grown by completely different strategies and techniques. Mushrooms are fully grown in special beds referred to as compost beds.

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Advantages of Mushroom Farming

  1. Rich in Nutritional Value
  2. Protein Content- 3-7% when fresh and 25-40% when dry. Contain all essential amino acids, amides and lysine.
  3. High Medicinal Value
  4. Consumption of mushrooms slows down the spread and effect of Cancer, heart diseases, HIV/AIDS (by boosting immune system).
  5. Good amount of Vitamin C, B2, B3 and B12 
  6. Low quantity of sodium-Ideal for people with heart and kidney problems.
  7. Extra amount of iron, calcium, copper, potassium, phosphorus and folic acid.
  8. Faster Income generation farming method for farmers
  9. Field of Vast Employment for people 
  10. Uses Vertical structures hence more production can be done in less space.
  11. Involvement of small capital at initial level.
  12. Production possible all the year round.
  13. Uses agricultural waste such as waste materials from farms, plantations or factories.
  14. Environmentally friendly.

Consumption of Mushroom Farming

  1. Contain all essential amino acids.
  2. Has Vitamin C. cyanocobalamin (Vit , B12) content found only in animal products.
  3. Low in sodium ideal for people with heart and kidney ointments.
  4. Have iron, calcium, potassium, phosphorus and folic acid.

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