What is Vermicomposting ?


Vermicomposting is a type of composting in which certain species of earthworms like red wigglers, white worms and some other earthworms are used to enhance the process of organic waste conversion and produce a better product. All species of Earthworms feed the organic waste materials and pass it through their digestive system in a granular form which is known as vermicompost.

A wide range of organic residues, such as straw, husk, leaves, stalks, weeds etc can be converted into vermicompost by using earthworms. Other potential feedstock for vermicompost production are livestock wastes, poultry litter, dairy wastes, food processing wastes, waste of biogas plants etc. Earthworms consume organic wastes and reduce the volume by 40–60 percent.

Made of almost pure worm castings, it’s a sort of super compost. Not only is it rich in nutrients but it’s also loaded with the microorganisms that create and maintain healthy soil. 

Maintaining a continuous supply of organic waste, water, temperature, and moisture are major hurdles that complicate the process of vermicomposting. 

Vermicomposting is regarded as a clean, sustainable, and zero-waste approach to manage organic wastes but there are still some constraints in the popularization of vermicomposting. Vermicomposting on a large scale is required to solve the problem of waste disposal effectively and on a global level.

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Advantages of Vermicomposting?

  1. It provides nutrients to the soil
  2. Increases the soil’s ability to hold nutrients
  3. Improves the soil structure
  4. Improves the aeration and internal drainage of clay soil
  5. Increases the water holding ability of sandy soils
  6. Provides numerous beneficial bacteria
  7. Diverting waste from landfills is excellent, and vermicomposting also produces nutrient-rich castings for your garden.
  8. Compared to traditional composting less space is needed.
  9. Improves suppression of pathogens
  10. Increases Micro Organisms Population in soil
  11. Decreases use of pests and chemicals
  12. Increases Production of Crops
  13. Faster production of Compost.
  14. Red Wiggler worms eat half their weight in food waste daily.
  15. Accelerates Germination – Your seeds sprout more quickly and the sprouts are healthier.
  16. Production of Humic Acids
  17. Nutrients Released Slowly as Needed – This means that your plants can uptake nutrients over the season and the vermicompost will release these nutrients as needed. You will not need to continually add vermicompost through the growing season.

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